One of the methods of restorative therapy of neurological patients is the use of medicines. Medication takes a special place as a part of therapeutic and recovery complex. The use of medicines is a cornerstone of treatment of neurological patients, defining the outcome of the disease.
During restorative treatment of nervous system diseases drug therapy should be carried out regularly by repeated planned courses.
Medicinal products are purposeful auxiliary means that provide the most favorable conditions for carrying out such rehabilitation activities as physical therapy exercises and massage, physiotherapy, professional retraining, etc.
Particularly noticeable is the use of medications in patients with consequences of stroke, brain injury, epilepsy, and Parkinsonism. With these diseases, the long-term pathogenetic drug therapy that lasts for months and years is an indispensable condition for the success of the rehabilitation process of the patient.
The purpose of prescribing drugs for the rehabilitative treatment of neurological patients may be different.
Etiotropic treatment is carried out to influence the cause of the disease. For example, the use of anti-rheumatic drugs (with cerebral rheumatoid vasculitis).
Pathogenetic therapy is carried out to eliminate the main lesions in the body caused by the disease, and substitution of those chemicals lacking in the body of patient by drugs. For example, prescription of drugs improving neuromuscular conduction (in diseases of the peripheral nervous system) or administration of levodopa (in Parkinson’s disease).
Symptomatic treatment is prescribed to eliminate certain symptoms of the disease. For example, the use of muscle relaxants to reduce spasticity of the muscles, the use of hypnotics in sleep disorders etc.